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Le Procureur de la CPI demande que les suspects, Messieurs Saïf Al-Islam Qadhafi et Al-Tuhamy Mohamed Khaled,soient immédiatement arrêtés et remis à la Cour

Journalists for Justice / 27 June 2017

 Mon Bureau est au courant des informations diffusées dernièrement dans les médias au sujet de la prétendue libération, le 9 juin 2017, de M. Saïf Al-Islam Qadhafi (« M. Qadhafi »), qui était détenu par la brigade Abu-Bakr al-Siddiq de Zintan (Libye). M. al-‘Ajami al-‘Atiri est le commandant de cette brigade.

               

Nous vérifions à l’heure actuelle ces informations et prenons les mesures qui s’imposent pour déterminer où se trouve M. Qadhafi. J’invite par conséquent les autorités libyennes, le Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies, qui a déféré la situation en Libye à mon Bureau, tous les États parties au Statut de Rome et tous les autres États et entités concernés à transmettre à mon Bureau tout renseignement pertinent dont ils disposeraient.

 

Le mandat d’arrêt délivré par la Cour pénale internationale (la « CPI » ou la « Cour ») à l’encontre de M. Qadhafi le 27 juin 2011 pour les crimes contre l’humanité de meurtre et persécution, qui auraient été commis en Libye en 2011, est toujours en vigueur et la Libye est tenue de procéder immédiatement à l’arrestation de M. Qadhafi et de le remettre à la CPI, indépendamment de toute prétendue loi d’amnistie en Libye. Aider un fugitif à se soustraire à la justice ne saurait être toléré, et M. Qadhafi doit être remis à la Cour.

 

J’invite la Libye et tous les autres États qui seraient en mesure de la faire à procéder immédiatement à l’arrestation de M. Qadhafi et à le remettre à la CPI.

 

De même, je demande que soit immédiatement arrêté et remis à la Cour le suspect, M. Al-Tuhamy Mohamed Khaled (« M. Al-Tuhamy”), également sous le coup d’un mandat d’arrêt délivré par la CPI dans le cadre de la situation en Libye et rendu public le 24 avril 2017. M. Al‑Tuhamy doit répondre des crimes contre l’humanité d’emprisonnement, torture, persécution et autres actes inhumains, et des crimes de guerre de torture, traitements cruels et atteintes à la dignité de la personne, commis en divers lieux sur le territoire libyen en 2011. M. Al-Tuhamy doit être arrêté et remis à la CPI sans tarder.

 

INTERPOL a diffusé des notices rouges à l’encontre de Messieurs Qadhafi et Al-Tuhamy, précisant que ces deux individus étaient recherchés par la CPI.

 

J’invite quiconque détiendrait des informations au sujet de l’endroit où se trouve M. Qadhafi ou M. Al-Tuhamy à entrer en contact avec la police nationale ou locale de sa région ou encore le Secrétariat général d’INTERPOL (cliquez ici). Ces renseignements peuvent également être directement communiqués au Bureau du Procureur de la CPI par courriel à l’adresse : [email protected].

 

Il faut impérativement que ces deux suspects soient appréhendés et immédiatement remis à la CPI de sorte que leur culpabilité ou leur innocence puisse être établie dans le cadre d’une procédure judiciaire menée en toute indépendance et en toute impartialité, et que justice soit faite et perçue comme telle. L’obligation de rendre des comptes à l’égard des crimes relevant du Statut de Rome et l’effet dissuasif de la loi constituent des facteurs tout aussi importants à l’instauration d’une paix durable et de la stabilité en Libye.

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By Terry Jeff Odhiambo

Gambia stands as a testament to the glacial progress Africa is making in the sphere of human rights. With the country on the mend and efforts under way to bring former President Yahya Jammeh to justice, the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights could scarcely have found a better host country to hold its 30th anniversary.

The celebrations in Banjul, between November 1 and 4, 2017, come at a time of hope and restoration for the Gambia after the end of Jammeh’s 22-year dictatorial regime. Jammeh’s government was notorious for its disregard of international human rights norms despite ironically hosting the ACHPR. Arbitrary arrests, threats, enforced disappearances and torture were commonplace. There is still plenty of room for improvement. Attorney General Abubacarr Tambadou, who is also Justice Minister, told the opening of the 35th Forum on the Participation of NGOs in the 61st Ordinary Session of the ACHPR that notwithstanding the various strides made by nations in the application of human rights instruments, the full enjoyment of basic rights and freedoms since the adoption of the African Charter, continues to face challenges. The Justice minister reiterated that the new government of Gambia had reaffirmed its commitment to protecting human rights and to living up to its position as the human rights capital of Africa. As recently as September 2017 the Gambia, signed five international treaties on the margins of the United Nations General Assembly, including the Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, which seeks to abolish abolition the death penalty. In the coming months, Gambia is committed to ratifying more human rights treaties, including the Convention against Torture, and adopting a new republican constitution within the shortest time possible and developing a system of justice that can look into past atrocities and sustain its democracy. The NGOs Forum, which is usually held on the margins of the ACHPR Ordinary Sessions, is a platform for fostering collaboration between civil society organisations on the one hand and the ACHPR on the other, with the aim of promoting and protecting human rights in Africa.

Human rights abuses in Africa are a sad reality. The tableau of human suffering on the continent is scar on humanity’s conscience. From South Sudan[1], to the Central African Republic[2] to Egypt[3] and Ethiopia[4], abuses are increasingly being witnessed more than ever before. As one of the bulwarks against this depressing trend, the work of the ACHPR since its inception calls for evaluation. The promise by states and governments to guarantee human dignity and rights – through almost universal endorsement of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and ever-increasing ratification of international human rights treaties – seems to have had little impact on the daily lives of millions of people in the region.

The sad reality is that the human rights situation in various African countries continues to deteriorate on the ACHPR’s watch. There has been an escalation of threats to the enjoyment of human rights on the continent, ranging from arbitrary arrests, infringement of freedom of association and assembly, police brutality and threats to human rights defenders. 

Since the inception of the ACHPR, seven states have never reported on the situation of human rights to the commission. The states -- Comoros, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Guinea Bissau, Sao Tome and Principe, Somalia and South Sudan -- continue to witness some of gravest human rights violations on the continent. Twenty other states have three or more pending state reports -- including Gambia, while 16 other states have one or two pending state reports. Only nine states, namely Kenya, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cote d’Ivoire, Mali, Mauritius, Namibia, Niger and South Africa are up to date with their state reporting obligations. The Democratic Republic of Congo[5], Rwanda[6] and Niger[7] are set to report during the 61st Ordinary Session of the ACHPR. State reporting procedure is a stock taking that serves as a forum for constructive dialogue and enables the Commission to monitor implementation of the African Charter and identify challenges impeding the realisation of the objects of the African Charter.

Some of the critiques that the Commission has received over time include the failure to implement its findings, such as decisions on: individual communications, concluding observations on State reports, country and thematic resolutions, and recommendations made in relation to missions to countries. 

The 61st Ordinary Session of the ACHPR will see the swearing in of new commissioners and the exit of those whose terms have ended. The ACHPR is composed of 11 Commissioners, who are “chosen from amongst African personalities of the highest reputation, known for their high morality, integrity, impartiality and competence in matters of human and peoples’ rights; particular consideration being given to persons having legal experience” (African Charter, Article 31).[8] They are elected by the African Union Assembly from experts nominated by States parties to the Charter. The Commissioners serve in their personal capacity and are elected for a six-year renewable term.

The upcoming 30th Anniversary celebrations are an opportunity to reaffirm the values and enduring principles enshrined in the African Charter mobilize people around the continent, and take stock of human rights today in Africa. 

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